Delegate Handbook

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Our staff is closely following the development of the Osaka Leaders Summit for the purpose of developing a detailed delegate handbook. The handbook will be delivered to registered participants via email on September 1, 2019. This document will include details about the simulation, the priorities of the Japanese Presidency, details about the schedule, and an explanation of the rules of debate.

Our program is designed to be accessible to participants with or without simulation experience. If you have any questions or concerns regarding the topics, rules of procedure, or summit documents please contact us.

Jump Start Your Research

In anticipation of the delegate handbook, you can jump start your research by reviewing official publications from the G20 and analysis from scholarly sources. The Japanese Presidency has published a summary of the G20, a statement from the Prime Minister, and a review of previous G20 Summits. We have also created a translation guide between Model UN and Model G20.

Useful scholarly sources include:

  1. G20 Information Centre at the University of Toronto

  2. Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI)

  3. G20 Studies Centre at the Lowy Institute

History of the G20

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The Group of 20 (G20) was born into crisis. In the late 1990s, the global economy was being threatened by a financial crisis with origins in Asia. In 1995, the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors released a statement about their intention “to broaden the dialogue on key economic and financial policy issues among systemically significant economies and promote cooperation to achieve stable and sustainable world economic growth that benefits all.” In 1999 the G7 table was expanded to include the largest economies in the global south and the Group of Twenty (G20) was born.

Thirteen years later, the G20 was back in the global limelight to develop a multilateral plan for dealing with the global financial crisis of 2008. This new crisis loomed much larger than the earlier crisis that predicated the formation of the G20 in the 1990s. American President George Bush called for the first G20 Leaders Summit on September 15, 2008.

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The first G20 Leaders Summit was a success. The format proved to be a refreshing change of pace from traditional international forums, and leaders were able to find quick agreement on a globally-coordinated fiscal and monetary stimulus and a path to effectively regulate financial systems and markets. Different from the UN and EU, the G20 opts for a rotating presidency rather than a formal secretariat.

There have been thirteen Leaders Summits since 2008 with the most recent taking place in Buenos Aires, Argentina and the next happening in Osaka, Japan. Since their first meeting in Washington, DC, G20 Leaders have always issued a “Communiqué.” The Communiqué is issued at the end of each Summit as a collective statement of the G20 Leaders, in which they share their common vision, goals, and agreed commitments regarding the state of the world, with a particular focus on the global economy and financial markets.